The RISC-KIT Consortium is delighted to announce the release of a new deliverable for the project, Deliverable 4.2 Evaluation of DRR Plans. The production of this deliverable was led by RISC-KIT partners at SEI, Karina Barquet, and Deltares (currently Middlesex University), Lydia Cumisky, in collaboration with many researchers from the RISC-KIT Consortium.
This report describes how Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA) can be a tool to assess the Disaster Risk Reduction strategic alternatives to risk management.
You can read the full public deliverable here.
To learn more about the RISC-KIT MCA approach, check out the Toolbox description on this website and see the RISC-KIT animated film.
Karina Barquet (SEI) (L) and Lydia Cumiskey (FHRC-MU/Deltares) (R) led the development of this delieverable.
Deliverable 4.2 Summary:
The Resilience-Increasing Strategies for Coasts – Toolkit (RISC-KIT) FP7 EU project (2013-2017) aims to produce a set of innovative and EU-coherent open-source and open- access methods, tools and management approaches (the RISC-KIT) in support of coastal managers, decision-makers and policy makers to reduce risk and increase resilience to low- frequency, high impact hydro-meteorological events.
This report summarizes the methods and tools used to evaluate Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) measures, the experiences of developing and implementing these tools, and the outcomes of the assessment of the measures in 8 of the RISC-KIT cases.
The Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA) is one of the five tools used to evaluate DRR measures in each of the RISC-KIT case studies. In particular, MCA is used in three ways: 1) as a way facilitate the communication and presentation of project results in a coherent and contextualized manner to relevant local stakeholders and decision-makers; 2) as a way to capture other types of knowledge, such as local every-day experiences, socio-economic and political factors that might affect how the proposed measures are perceived; and 3) as a way of facilitating interaction between local stakeholders and raising awareness of risks and potential measures.
The methodology employed was mainstreamed across the 8 cases, simplified so that its’ implementation would not require any previous knowledge of the method or software, and adapted into every RISC-KIT context. Great focus was placed on making the MCA session interactive by communicating complex information through user-friendly ways (e.g. using tangible material like post-it’s, stickers, etc), and by relying on an interactive communication and decision supporting tool in the form of cards that contained information on the DRR measures. The aim of this methodology was to communicate the selection of DRR measures to the stakeholders in a comprehensive way; to communicate and visualize the impact reduction of each individual DRR measure and the combined DRR measures to support comparison between measures; support the stakeholders to select combinations of measures to formulate “Strategic Alternatives” (SAs); support stakeholders to prioritize four combinations of measures (SAs); and to promote interaction and communication between the different stakeholders.
Results from the implementation of the MCA in 8 RISC-KIT cases highlights several key lessons for future DRR projects with regards to stakeholder interaction and inclusion in the DRR projects, and of public perception of DRR measures.