Overall expected impacts
RISC-KIT will provide coastal managers and policy makers with tools and methods to increase the resilience of EU coastal zones to minimise loss of life, economic damage, habitat destruction and loss of cultural heritage due to low-frequency and high-impact hydro-meteorological events.
The RISC-KIT tools and methods will help protect EU citizens from coastal hazards and safeguard economic growth and competitiveness. Abroad, the project’s deliverables will strengthen Europe’s innovative and technical leadership as engineering consultants and scientists will gain a significant competitive advantage through these beyond-the-state-of-the-art methods and tools. The RISC-KIT products will further contribute to the research and innovation goals of the HORIZON2020 strategy.
To achieve the overall impacts RISC-KIT will facilitate fast knowledge transfer, uptake and exploitation by i) frequent interaction with end-users and stakeholders and the wider public, and ii) promotion of its deliverables through a large number of dissemination channels and means, reaching target audiences. RISC-KIT will benefit from international cooperation by linking with the projects funded under the Belmont program, other EU-funded projects relevant to this call such as ASTARTE and PEARL and by establishing an International Expert Board.
1) Faster attainment of the disaster risk reduction goals of UNISDR
RISC-KIT contributes directly to the DRR goals of the UNISDR, summarised in five Priorities for Action (PfA’s). Underlined words are key words in the PfA.
PfA1: Ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation
RISC-KIT provides DRR methods, tools and approaches that are applicable across the EU and beyond. When used by local governments, RISC-KIT helps to decentralise resources and responsibilities. By providing a management guide of potential DRR measures and the means to evaluate these measures, RISC-KIT allows for the incorporation of DRR in spatial policy and planning. RISC-KIT ensures community participation in, and acceptance of, DRR measures and plans by application to the case study sites which are representative for a diverse set of environments. Hence, we foster political and community commitment by sound science.
PfA 2 Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks – and enhance early warning;
The collection of local socio-economic and physical data into an impact-oriented coastal risk databaseallows for data sharing. The Coastal Risk Assessment Framework (CRAF) enables regional authorities to identify and assess multi-hazards and their impacts on the regionally specific coastal zones, also in the case of emerging (climate-change induced) risks. RISC-KIT will develop an impact-oriented Early Warning System (EWS) for multi-hazards.
PfA3 Use knowledge, innovation, and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels;
The CRAF and the impact-oriented coastal risk database will integrate hazard data and vulnerability information and facilitate information sharing and cooperation across industries. To build a culture of safety and improve public awareness, RISC-KIT will target and involve regional end-users through information exchange and demonstration of, and training in, the innovative CRAF and EWS tools. This will improve and build networks across disciplines and regions by evaluating and applying on sites in all of Europe’s Regional Seas. By using the Language of Risk, we will ensure and promote the use of standard DRR terminology. By organising “Summer Schools” and providing training on developed tools, we will promote learning of DRR tools, methods and approaches.
PfA4 Reduce the underlying risk factors
RISC-KIT will develop innovative, cost-effective and ecosystem-based risk reduction and resilience measures and plans. We recognise that sustainable ecosystems and environmental management are a key ingredient in designing DRR plans which will also take climate-change scenarios into account. Finally, by application of the Bayesian DSS, changes in land use and building codes ex-ante disasters can be examined allowing for a higher degree of preparedness.
PfA5 Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels
Through dissemination, we will increase capacity building on coastal risk management and contribute to risk reduction at policy, technical and institutional levels. Through the End-user Board, RISC-KIT will foster a dialogue and information exchange between end-users. This dialogue and awareness will be enhanced by the presentation of concrete evidence-based modelling results of the consequences of DRR plans. Through the development of web-based management guide RISC-KIT promotes regional approaches to DRR.
In addition to RISC-KITs contribution to the faster attainment of current UNISDR DRR goals, the project is also aligned with the development of a post-2015 DRR framework by (i) connecting hazards to socio-cultural and economic aspects; (ii) focussing on multi-level governance structures; (iii) reflecting the UNISDR understanding that risk reduction is a cross-cutting task; (iv) supporting efforts towards policy coherence between DRR and policies for e.g. climate change adaptation, development and environmental planning.
2) Design of cost-effective risk-reduction plans, based on the proposed tools and solutions.Coastal managers will be able to assess coastal risk at the regional (administrative) scale and identify hot spot (priority) areas for which detailed EWS can be implemented and innovative, cost-effective and ecosystem-based DRR plans can be designed. These plans will be ‘environmentally sustainable, economically equitable, socially responsible and culturally sensitive’, combining all relevant aspects of Integrated Coastal Zone Management. Evaluation criteria will ensure that these options will strive for policy coherence and cost-effectiveness.
3) Improve risk governance and preparedness through the provision of timely information and warnings to decision-makers.
The EWS/DSS will improve risk governance and preparedness through the provision of timely information and warnings to decision-makers. In the event of an impending disaster, the EWS/DSS will allow managers to take rapid decisions based on the latest information on impacts. The CRAF and the scenario evaluation tool will help decrease the ex-ante coastal risk by providing policy makers with information on vulnerable hot spots. Through on-going end-user interaction, RISC-KIT will foster information exchange between disaster managers and technical developers.